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ABS - Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, a common thermoplastic used to make light, rigid, molded products. ABS most amazing mechanical properties are resistance and toughness.

Access Control Card - Card size badge incorporating a magnetic stripe, an RFID tag, a transponder device and/or a microchip mostly used for business or secured premises access control.


Barcode - A machine-readable representation of information in a visual format on a surface.

Blank Card - Card with no printing.

Bleeds - Artwork that extends exceeded the actual size of the card.

Bureau Service - A complete card solution for organisations to produce individually personalised cards.

Business Card - Card that is shared in business during formal introductions as a convenience and a memory aid.


Calender Card - Card that displays period of days and months in a year.

Card Mailing - A Bureau Service division which personalize and mail individual card to cardholder.

Card Thickness - Standard credit card thickness - 0.76 mm.

Chip - Embedded integrated circuits.

Club ID Card - Card that displays cardholder identification & privileges in a club.

CMYK - Acronym of “Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black”, used in full colour process printing.

Coercivity - A measure of intensity of the applied magnetic field required to reduce the magnetization of the material to zero. Fields are expressed by LoCo and HiCo. The higher coercivity magnetic stripe, the harder the data will be erased.

Combi-card - Card that have both contact and contactless technology.

Contact - A point of electrical communication between a Smartcard and its external interface device.

Contact Card - Smartcard which transfers data via it's contact point to a reader.

Contactless Card - Smartcard which transfers data using radio frequency via it's transmitter to a receiver. Also known as Proximity Card.

Corporate ID Card - Card that displays cardholder identification in a corporation.

CR80 - Standard credit card size - 85.60 (length) x 54 (width) x 0.76 mm (thickness).


Degaussing - A process to erase data on magnetic stripe.

Die Cut - Cutting process of card.

Digital Imaging - Scanning or capturing image from a physical object into digital image which can be processed, compressed, stored, printed or displayed on a card.

Dpi - Dots per inch. A measure of printing resolution, in particular the number of individual dots of ink a printer or toner can produce within a linear one-inch space.


Electronic Art - Graphics which is in digital format.

Embossing - Raised texts usually tipped with gold or silver foil.

EMV - A standard for interoperation of IC Cards (Chip Cards) and IC terminals for authenticating credit and debit card payments. This standard is developed by Europay, MasterCard and VISA.

Encoding - A process of writing data onto magnetic stripes or chips.

Encryption - A process of obscuring data to make it unreadable without special knowledge.


Foil Stamping - Stamping of design by gold/silver foil onto the card surface to produce a striking effect.

Font - A set of character comprises of alphabets, numerals, punctuations, symbols that designed with stylistic unity.

Four Color Process - CMYK printing that reproduces image and text in exact colour.

Gift Card - Retail prepaid card that used for a substantial discount or act as a debit/credit card.

Grayscale - A colour set comprises of black, white and any shade of grey.

Hologram - A flat optical image which allows an image to be recorded in three dimensions. Hologram is commonly used for security in card.

Holographic foil - Foil which carries holograms.

Hotel Keycard - Card which used to gain access to hotel room.

IC Card - Also known as Smartcard.

Identification Card - Also known as ID Card. Card which asserts the bearer's identity to prove the identity of the person carrying it.

Insurance Policy Card - Card that displays bearer and issuer information proving that the person has valid insurance with the insurance company.

ISO 7810 - An international Standard for ID Card and Credit Card.

ISO 7816 - An international Standard for Smartcard.

Issuer - An individual or organization that issues cards to individual or corporate cardholders.

Java Card - A technology that allows Java-based applications to be run securely on Smartcards and similar devices. It is widely used in SIM cards (used in GSM mobile phones) and ATM cards.


Lamination - The process of combining various layers of plastic materials using time, heat and pressure.

Lithography - A method for printing text or artwork onto a smooth surface. Most common lithography printing on pvc and paper materials is called offset printing.

Loyalty Card - Similar to a credit card or debit card is used to identify the cardholder as a member in a commercial incentives programme.

Luggage Tag - Also known as bag tag, is used to aid passenger in identifying their bag among many similar bags at the destination baggage carousel.


Magnetic Stripe - Also called magstripe, is a band of magnetic material capable of storing data. Magstripes come in two varieties: high-coercivity(HiCo) and low-coercivity(LoCo). High-coercivity magstripes are harder to erase, and therefore are appropriate for cards that are frequently used or that need to have a long life. Low-coercivity magstripes require a lower amount of magnetic energy to record, and hence the card writers are much cheaper than machines which are capable of recording high-coercivity magstripes.

Magnetic Stripe Card - Card with magnetic stripe that is capable of storing data. Also known as Magstripe Card.

Medical Assist Card - Card that displays bearer and issuer information proving that the person has valid medical policy with the medical/insurance company.

Membership Card - Card that displays bearer identify, proving that he is a member belonging to commercial or non government organization group and constitutes to member priviledges and regulations.

Motorist Assist Card - Card that displays bearer and issuer information, identifies the person has valid motorist policy with the motorist/insurance company.

N Non-magnetic Card - Card that without magnetic stripe.

Oersted - A measurement unit of magnetic coercive force used to define difficult of erasure of magnetic material.

Offset Printing - Offset printing is a widely used printing technique where the inked image is transferred (or "offset") from a plate first to a rubber blanket, then to the printing surface. When used in combination with the lithographic process, which is based on the repulsion of oil and water, the offset technique employs a flat (planographic) image carrier on which the image to be printed obtains ink from ink rollers, while the non-printing area attracts a film of water, keeping the nonprinting areas ink-free.

Overlay Varnish - A thin transparent layer printed to cards to resist scratching. Also can be used as signature or writing panel.


Personalization Service - Also known as Bureau Service. Card that tailored based on personal details or characteristics clients provided. Services include barcode, embossing & tipping, encoding, thermal printing to card mailing of individual card.

Phone Card - Stored value card that allows the user to access pre-paid long distance. The long distance is generally accessed via a PIN number (stored value), which is usually covered by a scratchable panel for security.

Photocopy Card - Card that paid to buy photocopy services up to the prepaid value.

PMS - Pantone color matching systems, used in printing industries for color standardization.

Prepaid Card - Card that paid to buy goods and services up to the prepaid value.

Priviledge Card - Card that specially designed for loyatly customer, to identify the bearer as a member in a commercial incentives programme.

Promotional Card - Also known as Discount Card. Card that offers special benefits to cardholder within specific duration.

PVC - Polyvinyl Chloride, is widely used plastic material in plastic cards.
Resolution - The detail of an image holds. Higher resolution means more image details. The terms of resolution is dots-per-inch (dpi).


Scratchable Panel - An area on a card where hidden information is covered and will be surfaced once the panel is scratched.

Security ID Card - A photo identification card that identifies the cardholder as a security personnel in an institution.

Security Ink - Ink that specially formulated to prevent forgery or counterfeiting.

Silkscreen Printing - A printmaking technique that traditionally creates a sharp-edged single-color image by forcing inks through a design-bearing screen made of porous fabric.

Signature Panel - An area on a card where cardholders put their signature.

SIM card - Subscriber Identity Module is a Smartcard that securely stores the key identifying a mobile phone service subscriber, as well as subscription information, preferences and text messages.

Smartcard - Card that contains one or more semiconductor chips used to store data.

Student ID Card - A photo identification card that identifies the cardholder as a student.


Telecom Card - Card that incorporating a magnetic stripe, an RFID tag, a transponder device and/or a microchip used for telephone services, i.e. GSM card & Prepaid card.

Thermal Printing - The process of creating an image on a card using thermal print head. This process is done using thermal printer.

Tipping - Foil stamping on raised texts of the card surface by gold/silver foil to produce a striking appearance.

Transit Card - Card that incorporating a magnetic stripe, an RFID tag, a transponder device and/or a microchip used for transportation services, i.e. Subway card & Toll card.

UV Printing - Printing with UV formulated ink to dry on non-porous materials under ultraviolet light.

Visitor Pass - Card size badge used as permission and identify the visitor to access to business or premises.

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